The research will produce innovations in a number of areas, as follows:

  • Piloting and testing new rural health insurance arrangements including innovations in:
    • benefit packages, in particular the development of schemes such as primary and outpatient health services to reduce incidence of catastrophic health care expenditures in China and Viet Nam;
    • provider payment mechanisms – in particular options such as capitation payment for outpatient services at the village and township level health services in China, and commune health stations in Viet Nam;
    • organization and management, including measures to increase accountability and transparency;
    • government subsidies in both countries.
  • A participatory approach involving major stakeholders such as policy-makers and potential/actual service users at all stages of the research in order to maximize the relevance and impact of the findings.